A message from Al - Hasakah province to the UN Special Envoy to Syria

A message from Al - Hasakah province to the UN Special Envoy to Syria

Feb 20 2019

Office of the United Nations Special Envoy for Syria
Its partners Swiss Peace and NOREF organizations
The team of civil society support in Al-Hasaka
ARK News: We - civil society activists group in Al-Hasakah- thank you to give us this
opportunity to explain the situation in Al-Hasakah governorate in all its aspects and
in the forefront is its human suffering and the complex scene there.
Hasaka Governorate:
It is the third largest governorate in Syria in terms of area after the governorates
of Homs and Deir Al-Zour, with an area of 23,334 km2
located in the north-east
of Syria, characterized by borders with both Iraq and Turkey
The governorate has 5 Districts (Mintaqa's), these are further divided into 11
Sub-districts (nawahi). Its population exceeds 1.5 million people in the latest
census before 2011
It is characterized by ethnic and religious variety: (Arabs, Kurds, Syrians,
Assyrians, Armenians,…), as the following: 65% Arab, 27% Kurds, and 8%
Christians from various ethnicities.
It is also characterized by a cohesive social fabric, with the highest forms of
coexistence, love, and peace. Despite what happens from the chaos and
exploitation of this diversity by different parties,
Economic importance:
Al-Hasakah Governorate is considered in terms of economy the lung of Syria
that It ranks first in Syria in cotton production and the second rank after Aleppo
in wheat production, and that is added to barley and some other grains
It also produces more than forty percent of Syrian oil production in addition to
the rich water for the fact that between Tigris and Khabour rivers
Hasaka governorate within the last events
After the popular peaceful movement in all Syria and its transition to armed
conflict, in early 2013, the opposition forces controlled most of the governorate's
rural areas from Ras al-Ain to Margada and al-Shaddadi to Tel-Humeis then AlYaarubia on the Iraqi border.
These areas were bombed by the regime, causing internal displacement in some
towns and villages and exit hospitals and some institutions from service, in
addition to the destruction of some schools, then the regime evacuated many of
its positions and handed it over to the PYD militia from Al-Malikiyya to
Amouda, with declared agreements such as oil-saving contracts in Rumailan and
some secret military agreements through supporting it with arms and money to
fight the opposition forces on the governate.
At this time, the PYD Party -in order to control the Kurdish arena- excluded
other Kurdish parties and closed its offices and arrested many of its leaders. And
suppression of the Kurdish movement completely after the massacre committed
in Amouda against the demonstrators on 27/6/2013 after which the PYD militia
turn to fight the opposition forces in Ras al-Ain, Al-Yarabiya, Tall al-Alu, and
around Tal Hamis and Tal-Brak
Committing in these areas violations against civilians included massacres,
the burning of villages and arrests were most horrific those carried out in Tel-Brak
and its villages at the end of 2013, which killed dozens of civilians, and those
committed in the villages of Al-Hajia and Mutainah Tel -Khalil in 2014 killed 35
civilians, including women, children and elderly people
In March 2014, ISIS took control of the opposition sites in the region and that is
worsened the humanitarian situation and thereby all service institutions
collapsed, in the foreground the health and education sectors, in addition to
violations to women, children, media, activists, civil society forces and
humanitarian organizations, from killing, repression, arrests, and torture.
At this point, PYD militia received external support from the US-led International
Coalition for fighting ISIS, so PYD capitalized on this opportunity and became
the dominant force in the region after it issued a compulsory recruitment
resolution in all area under its control, including recruitment of minors women,
and children
After the withdrawal of ISIS from the governate in the result of the coalition
bombing, terrible violations occurred in the region, against civilians on charges
of supporting ISIS and in addition to the displacement and the burning and
demolition of villages, as happened in mid-2015 in Jazaa , Tal-Hamis, Ras-Alain and Jabal Abdul-Aziz, and the razing of Geshgesh and its around in south
of Hasakeh, in addition to the massacres committed by the coalition aircrafts in
Al-Shadadi, Margadeh and around it, which killed hundreds of civilians
Thereafter the human suffering in the province exacerbated when the huge
asylum came to it when the war shifted toward Deir Al-Zour and Raqa, where
refugees had been received in semi-big arrests camps, in which services have
been reduced to minimal, and bad food and medical assistance
The total violations committed and some of it is still happening and their effects are
exacerbated:
1. Mass massacres and physical-liquidation, arrests, and torture against civilians
2. Forced displacement to make demographic change
3. Burning and demolition of villages.
4. Confiscation of public and private property and seizure of displaced people
properties
5. Change the education curricula and impose ideological methods to reinforce
nationalist tendencies and inflames sectarian strifes and incite hatred as well as
violence, in addition, to impose of multi-language education, causing the closure
of most schools in the governorate
6. Imposing of compulsory recruitment includes even children, women and
underage girls and put them in battles.
7. Prevent opponents and their families from returning to their homes
Therefore, we ensure the following recommendations that we see them as the best
way to get out humanitarian disaster
1.Exit all international forces and militias extraneous.
2. dismantling the system of PYD and let people of the region run it through
local councils in which embodying the real participation of all components
3. Believing in the political process and supporting the negotiating process under
the auspices of the United Nations on the basis of Security Council resolution
2254 and its obligations
4. Immediately and promptly release all detainees and disclose the fate of those
missing and forcibly disappeared
5. Forming an independent international team to investigate violations of
human rights on Hasaka and all Syrian soil and to hold accountable those
responsible for these violations and returning rights to their owners in order to
achieve social reconciliation and restore security and stability.
6. Stop forced recruitment
7. stop ideological education curricula and endorsement of national curricula
8. Make every possible efforts to continue cross-border humanitarian assistance
operations, and work to procure refugees to their needs and fully supervise to
camps by United Nations organizations alone
9. The voluntary and safe return of all refugees and displaced persons
10. Demining conflict zones, which become nowadays a very dangerous area.
11. Increasing the representation of civil society organizations and involve them
in the political process and all United Nations forums related to the Syrian issue
With the highest thanks and sincere respect

Civil society activists group in Hasaka
Gaziantep
Monday,17/2/2019

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